Guide International Law and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Rights-Based Approach to Middle East Peace

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Praising contributions and proposals to alleviate the humanitarian situation, he said they will give space for Egyptian-led efforts to return the legitimate Palestinian Government to Gaza. He appealed to all Council Members and other influential actors to join the United Nations in calling on all sides to step back from the brink.

For lasting peace, in addition to the unification of all Palestinians under a single, democratic national authority, the occupation must be ended through the two-State solution. Turning to Lebanon, he said consultations continued for an agreement on a national unity Government. He called on all political stakeholders to overcome their differences.

The situation along the Blue Line remains calm although threatened by rhetoric. However, there is nothing static about that reality, which is in fact a calculated and deliberate process of slowly splitting up an entire people, fragmenting their land and disrupting their lives. While Israel claims the community was built illegally, the truth is that it remains all but impossible for Palestinians to obtain building permits from the Israeli Government.

The proposed relocation sites — one beside a garbage dump, and another next to a wastewater treatment facility — are also often not mentioned. Stressing that assertive international action can make the possibility of Palestinian freedom a reality, he urged Member States to let Israel know that they will no longer stand idly by.

Meanwhile, Israel, the occupying Power, chooses violence and brutalizes Palestinian civilians.

Middle East Peace Process: Special Envoy Jason Greenblatt on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The occupying Power must not be permitted to thwart credible negotiations to find just solutions for the final status issues, including the question of Jerusalem, refugees, settlements, borders, security, water and prisoners. All calls for negotiations must be based on the longstanding parameters and terms of reference set out in United Nations resolutions, the Madrid principles and the Arab Peace Initiative, he stressed.

Susan Akram » SPH | Boston University

He dared them to find a Bolivian or Palestinian who could criticize his country in the Security Council. It was Abbas, however, who was pushing Gaza towards war. He has been holding back payments from the Authority for many months and has greatly exacerbated the economic situation there. He has refused aid that will improve life in Gaza, from Israel, the United States and other nations, exploiting the situation in order to stay in power.

He described in detail the recent killings he said were inspired by such a policy, in an industrial park in which Palestinians and Israelis work together and which benefits both communities. If donors do not withdraw their funding from the Authority, they are complicit in such terrorism. He maintained that if there was a Palestinian leader that really cared about his people and did not foment hate, the Palestinians would have made progress.

Only if Abbas is removed will peace be possible, he stressed. However, the truth is that the regime continues to use the memory of its past barbarism to promote more barbarism. While nearly all countries reject the use of child soldiers, Iran continues to celebrate it. Among its most recent sanctions, she said, the United States enacted strong measures to cut off funding for networks fuelling such activities. Those included banks and large companies in the mining, steel production and other sectors. He called for investigations into all events in Gaza since March and for all sides to refrain from actions that could lead to more casualties.

He expressed hope that recent elections in Lebanon and Iraq will lead to the formation of new Governments and called for inclusive national dialogue in Yemen as a means to end hostilities there. To improve the situation, he stressed that the Gaza blockade must be lifted, and the cycle of violence ended. Restraint must be exercised by all parties and Palestinian civilians protected. On the other hand, all measures that weaken the prospects for such a solution, including settlement building and violence, must end.

It is critical to settle the status of Jerusalem through negotiations that satisfy the interests of all parties.

In progress at UNHQ

Meeting the critical needs of Palestinians living in Gaza remains a daunting challenge. The Palestinian Authority must reinstate its governance in Gaza to reunite Palestine under one authority. It is essential that the international community reinvigorates efforts to achieve a lasting and just solution to this dispute. The Council, for its part, must work to protect civilians and remain engaged in the situation. World leaders reaffirmed their commitment to human rights and the dignity of all peoples, he said, noting that such principles regrettably remain a dream for the Palestinians.

Just last week, he said, seven Palestinians were killed over the course of a single day. Describing the circumstances surrounding one of those heinous crimes — the murder of a Palestinian mother — he demanded that the perpetrators be immediately held accountable. Also expressing support for the work of the Middle East Quartet, he said peace will only be achieved through broad cooperation and strict adherence to international law.

In case of Syria, the Astana guarantor countries recently demonstrated that — despite differing positions — it is still possible to prevent bloodshed.

Int’ law necessary for peace in Palestine: UN official

Warning against interference in the internal affairs of Middle Eastern countries, he said international partners should instead work to support the establishment of conditions conducive to peace in the region. He called for a return to a meaningful peace process and for an end to occupation. Sweden remains deeply concerned over continued settlement expansion in the occupied West Bank and over the demolition of homes.

He said the shrinking space for civil society on both sides is alarming and that youth must be shown an alternative to conflict. It is critical, he said, to open up a democratic space in both societies to allow trust to be rebuilt. The Council must speak out strongly to prevent escalation that will be disastrous for the people of the Strip, who are suffering from a humanitarian crisis that fuelled demonstrations.

He cautioned against disproportionate use of force by Israel and attacks across the border by Palestinians.

In Gaza, she insisted, all parties must implement recent agreements. She called for legitimate Palestinian authorities to return to Gaza and for all sides to work to defuse the situation and alleviate the humanitarian crisis. Such a result required unity among Security Council members in the effort to support the parties.

In addition, the Palestinian Authority must be brought back to Gaza, as the current situation exacerbated suffering and insecurity in the area. Israel should respect the principle of proportionality in its use of force. Protests at the Gaza border fence, fueled by Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, have led to violence which has affected civilians on both sides of the conflict.

Recurring rocket attacks from Gaza towards Israel must stop, she stressed, condemning all acts of violence and calling for a thorough investigation to bring those responsible to justice. Limited access to basic services, including health care, chronic energy crises and lack of fuel can easily lead to escalation of social tensions. Urging all Palestinian factions to work together, she called on the Palestinian Authority to resume its responsibilities in Gaza. He expressed concern over the recent decision taken by Israel to advance plans of settlement expansion in Hebron.

Recent violent attacks in the West Bank illustrate the need for a permanent solution that provides peace and security for Israel and prevents the resurgence of terrorism — a solution that provides security for Palestinians, respects their rights and demonstrates that the occupation is over. People in and around Gaza live a daily reality that no one should have to endure. Closing border crossings and reducing the fishing zone is not the answer to tensions and violence. It will only further deteriorate the humanitarian despair.

He also called on Palestinian parties to ensure that protests remain peaceful. For its part, Israel must finalize its own investigations and provide full transparency on its findings. Rejecting the illegal actions of the Israeli Government — including its continued settlement activities, which constitute a major obstacle to peace — she categorically rejected all attempts to alter the demographic character of Jerusalem in violation of the principles of the United Nations Charter.

Domestically, she added, her country is working hard to organize a Government and implement the recommendations resulting from the many support conferences held around the world. She called on the Council to prevent Israel from using any pretext for attacking any facilities in her country, as was threatened recently. What is missing, however, he stressed, is a capacity and political will to implement those resolutions. The Gaza crisis must be dealt with in that context.

His country is assisting its brothers in Gaza by opening crossings into it.


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He called for the end of the occupation and for the implementation of Palestinian reconciliation agreements facilitated by his country. A peace is needed, he stressed, that meets the aspiration of the Palestinian people.

It is, he underlined, key for the stability of the entire region. Moreover, recent statements made by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu make clear that he has no intention of ever respecting the United Nations Charter or its resolutions. Special Coordinator Mladenov, meanwhile, omitted those developments from both his report and his statement earlier today. Emphasizing that the Israeli occupation remains the main driver of conflict in the Middle East, he also rejected all proxy wars in the region, including in his country.


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  8. Other decisions taken by the United States have also represented impediments to peace, including the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the subsequent move of the United States embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. She also called on Israel to end all construction of settlements and destruction of Palestinian homes. He rejected any annexation of land by Israel and emphasized that the Muslim character of Jerusalem must be recognized.

    He also reiterated the need for political progress in Syria and denounced occupation of islands that he said belonged to the United Arab Emirates. He condemned a variety of the practices of Iran, particularly those that threaten the free flow of navigation in the gulf region. He added that his country is working to restore peace in Yemen.

    Turkey increased its annual contribution to the Agency and urges all other countries to do the same, he said. However, presently there is little trust between the parties and there is no momentum towards renewed, direct negotiations. Oxford University Press. Akram, SM.